Researcher | CITEUC - Center of Earth and Space Research of the University of Coimbra
Manuel Abrunhosa is a Portuguese Geologist (1980, University of Porto, Portugal) and Hydrogeologist (1987, CIHS-Univ. Poly. Catalonia, Spain). A consultant by profession, is affiliated to CITEUC - Center of Earth and Space Research of the University of Coimbra, Portugal, as researcher. Is a member of the Board of Experts (Corresponding Citizen Scientists) in Geoethics in Groundwater Management by IAPG – International Association for Promoting Geoethics, and President of the Board of the Portuguese Chapter of IAH – International Association of Hydrogeologists. His career began in 1977 as a junior geologist in a major water well company in Portugal. From 1981 up to the actuality followed a professional career in independent consultancy in Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology. Between 1981-2006 was in academic lecturing for the BSc in Geology at the Department of Geology of the University of Porto. In the 90s was involved in the foundation of the first academic courses in Portugal on Environmental Health and Hygiene that introduced Applied Geology and Hydrogeology in the syllabus. The same occurred in a Master’s degree in Environmental Marketing. Did early research in Petrology, and later mainly in Hydrogeology of fractured media and in groundwater exploitation in a thin environmentally sensitive coastal sandy aquifer, being the author and leader of the construction and exploitation of a major project. Published and performed research in another scientific area, Geoarchaeology and Geology of Cultural Heritage. Since 1981 he has been involved in Forensic Geology in groundwater issues, most cases as a pro bono expert witness in support to heritage and environmental advocacy associations, and disadvantaged plaintiffs or defendants. Was involved in the late 70s to early 90s in the design and construction of thousands of bore water wells mainly in crystalline fractured hard rock, and the first local Geology and Hydrogeology studies for landfills in Portugal. In 2017, as a corollary of his involvement in diverse scientific areas and societies, considered there existed a significant conceptual and practical void space between Geoethics and Hydrogeology, and other areas of knowledge, whose closing the gap would have potential benefits to the professionals, their activities, and the new challenges to society posed by sustainability, climate change, and social fairness. After leading a campaign to the joint discussion on the revealed important missing links, both IAPG and IAH made an Agreement for Cooperation aiming for future developments. This was the rationale for a call to the scientific community to gather in an international conference joining the Earth Sciences, Engineering, the Humanities, Arts and Law to widely discuss the principles and practices of Hydrogeoethics, a novel geodiscipline associated to Hydrogeology, enthroned by the general acceptance of peers and major scientific societies.